Edu-Blog

7th 8th & 9th ELEMENTS OF FICTION PP

Posted by Jessica Rios on 4 Ee marzo Ee 2018 a las 9:50

THIS IS THE POWERPOINT PRESENTATION WE HAVE BEEN WRITING AND DISCUSSING IN CLASS THIS WEEK.


Types of Stories in:

 

Fiction


Fake

Imagined

Fantasy


Non fiction

Real

True info from real life

Auto- biography

Plot


The sequence of events in the story

What happens

Who does it happen to

What are the conflicts/problems

Plot Triangle/ Diagram/ Map/ Pyramid

Exposition

Begins structure of plot

Sets tone

Establishes setting

Introduces characters

Gives readers important background information


Rising Action

 

Moves plot along

Adds complication to expanding the conflict

Helps build suspense to a climax (or turning point)

Climax (or Turning Point)

Moment when reader’s interest and emotional intensity reach highest point

Occurs toward end of a story after reader has understood conflict and become emotionally invested in the characters

 

Falling Action (or Resolution)


Occurs after climax of a story

Resolves any “loose ends” in a story

End of plot triangle

Terminology

Setting:


Time and place where the story occurs


Theme:


The main idea of a story or novel

 

Conflict:

 

Disagreement or contradiction between characters


Point of View

 

The position of a narrator in relation to a story…


1st person – The narrator is a character in the story

 

3rd person – Narrator is not a character in the story


3rd person Omniscient – All-knowing , “Voice of God”-type narration

 

Character


Protagonist – Main character, sometimes seen as the hero of a story


Antagonist – Goes against or conflicts with the protagonist

 

Static - Character that stays the same throughout the story


Dynamic - Character that changes (thoughts, how he/she treats others) during the story


Characters can also be classified in these parts:


Main – the most important characters

 

Minor – less important characters

Characterization


Characterization – reader’s ability to understand the character


We learn about characters by their thoughts, words, actions, or appearance


What is THEME and SETTING?


THEME-the main idea the author wishes to share with the reader


SETTING-time and place the story occurs present/past/future real/imaginary

Theme


What the story is about

Central idea or central message of the story

Usually contains some insight into the human condition – tells something about humans and life

Can be stated directly or implied

Setting


The place where the story takes place

Geographical location, ex. London, Africa

Time period, ex. 1865, during WWII, today

Socio-economic characteristics of the location, ex. weathly suburbs, depression dustbowl

Specific building, room, etc., ex. junior high school, military base, log cabin, bus

Conflict

Conflict - dramatic struggle between two forces in a story - the essence of fiction, creates plot

Man vs Man - pits one person against another.

Man vs Nature - run-in with the forces of nature

Man vs Society - values by which everyone else lives are being challenged

Man vs Self - internal conflict - sometimes people are their own worst enemies

Point of View

POV refers to narrator’s relationship to the story


Third person - most common - the classic storytelling mode in which the storyteller is recounting a series of events to an audience – “a fly on the wall”


First person - less frequent - the narrator is a character in the story who takes actions, makes judgments and has opinions and biases – “I, we, my” used


Second person – rarely used – Choose Your Own Adventure children's books, in which the reader actually makes decisions and jumps around the book accordingly – “you” is used

Categorías: English 7th, 8th and 9th: Jessica Rios

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